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PARTICIPATORY UPLAND MANAGEMENT PROGRAM (PHASE 1)
Project Director:      Rosemary M. Aquino
Funding Agency:    The Ford Foundation

The ultimate objective of this program was to benefit upland communities and to help disadvantaged uplanders develop and sustain their capability to manage community resources. It was divided into two phases:

Phase I (October 1981 to September 1983) - This phase was intended to build up the capability of DLSU faculty in the social and management sciences to analyze and conceptualize participatory management approaches initially focusing on upland communities, and provide a venue for the exchange of experiences of groups involved in development projects. It involved the conducting of a seminar series to provide orientation and consciousness-raising symposia and workshops for DLSU faculty and research staff and for other interested parties; research projects on upland communities to obtain a substantive view on the socio-demographic and economic characteristics of upland people through a review of related literature; and other activities such as developing social science field methodologies and research techniques for action research with disadvantaged groups, publications and dissemination, research awards for thesis/dissertation writing, exchange and visiting professorships, field work in selected cities, and linkages with government agencies and research projects to complement the projects commissioned by the Bureau of Forest Development Upland Working Group.

Phase II (October 1983 to September 1986) - This phase was intended to build on the activities of Phase I and provide for more faculty released time to embark on projects and interact on a long-term basis with BFD or private agencies. It involved expanded research projects/activities in selected social forestry sites; conferences for policy makers and field personnel; and an expanded publications program.

Key words: upland communities, participatory management, development projects, social forestry

 

FORUM WITH THE UPLANDERS
Project Director:          Socorro Reyes
Funding Agency:        Bureau of Forest Development/Upland Development Program (Manila)

The forum served as an opportunity for the uplanders to share with concerned lowlanders the realities and problems in upland areas. Its objectives were to initiate a dialogue between the lowlanders and uplanders; to serve as a learning experience for the lowlanders, leading to a deeper understanding of the realities of the uplands social organization; to establish the possibility of starting pilot projects in one or more selected upland communities; and to serve as an experimental activity that would be documented and evaluated to establish its effectiveness and viability as a regular BFD support activity.

As a method for gathering data on upland communities, the effectiveness of the forum depended on factors such as cooperation of formal political leaders, trust of the community, skills and commitment of the initiating team, and adequate resources.  The crucial problems identified during the forum were bad roads, diminution of territory, limited sources of livelihood, and land tenure.  

Key words: uplanders, problems in upland areas, uplands social organization, pilot projects

 

THE EFFECTS OF INTERNATIONAL CONTRACT LABOUR (PHILIPPINES)
Project Director:          Stella P. Go
Funding Agency:        International Development Research Center

The study focuses on the effects of temporary international migration on individual migrants, their families, the communities they come from, and Philippine economy and society as a whole. Conducted by the Institute of Labor and Manpower Studies (Ministry of Labor and Employment) with the DLSU Research Center, it probed the loss of skills and knowledge due to out-migration, productivity losses in specific skills, and accelerated out-migration on the part of the youth. On the positive side, the study looks into the contribution of migrants to community services and facilities, increased taxes from income and investments for local governments, the growth of economic enterprises, changes in land values, and the participation in community affairs of migrants and their families.

Key words: temporary international migration, skills and knowledge, productivity losses, accelerated out-migration

 

 


 

 

 

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