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CAPABILITY BUILDING APPROACHES TOWARDS EMPOWERMENT
OF THE POOR: THE PBSP-LRM EXPERIENCE IN ANTIQUE

Project Director:          Corazon C. Panganiban
Funding Agency:        Philippine Business for Social Progress/PUMP 3 (The Ford Foundation)

Capability building and access of the poor to resources are two key tenets the Local Resource Management (LRM) project has been trying to experiment on in selected depressed provinces as a means of poverty alleviation.

Believing in these tenets, the Philippine Business for Social Progress, as one of the consultant resource institutions for the LRM Project, became involved in LRM’s Track III on Beneficiary Participation.

This study is a documentation of the dynamic process the PBSP has attempted in organizing the bangus fry catchers and the upland landless farmers in the municipalities of Pandan and Tibiao, respectively, in Antique.

To document the PBSP-LRM experience, a review and examination of PBSP-LRM documents, discussions and consultative sessions with the PBSP-LRM staff, and a field visit to the PBSP-LRM office in Antique as well as the municipalities of Pandan and Tibiao were undertaken for this study. It may be noted that in pursuing this methodology, the study’s primary interest is to provide a critically broad though rough sketch of PBSP’s creative work in empowering the poor, as seen and examined from the perspective and mind sets of the PBSP’s persevering field operations and management staff.

Key words: capability building, resources access, poverty alleviation, Philippine Business for Social Progress, beneficiary participation

 

EXTENSION OF THE PROCESS DOCUMENTATION RESEARCH ON THE BFD/MALANG-OG PILOT PARTICIPATORY UPLAND DEVELOPMENT PROJECT IN MANSALAY, ORIENTAL MINDORO
Project Director:          Ma. Elena Chiong-Javier
Funding Agency:        Bureau of Forest Development-Upland Development Working Group

The Bureau of Forest Development (BFD) Upland Development Program piloted a participatory development project among the Hanunuo Mangyan in the Malang-og region of Mansalay, Mindoro. To facilitate the process of learning from the pilot experiences, details of the Mindoro projects field implementation were regularly documented and fed back to the BFD by the DLSU Research Center, resulting in two published reports:

Building People into Forestry:  Field Experiences in Bureaucratic Orientationc by Ma. Elena Chiong Javier (1987). This report covers the initial two years of project operation. It focuses on identifying the process and strategies that enabled the upland farmers and/or their community to plan and carry out specific activities, whether with the assistance of the agency personnel or by themselves. Results of the study show that land tenure and agroforestry activities generate spontaneous farmer interest and participation because they are intricately linked with survival in the uplands.  The farmers also engaged in tasks related to infrastructure development, food production, and the provision of basic services.  The tenurial issue was chosen as entry point for organizing, with the sitio as the basic unit that may be effectively mobilized for collective participation in project tasks.

Developing People-Oriented Agroforestry:  Learning from Pilot Project Experiences by Ma. Elena Chiong Javier and Josefina Sembrano with the assistance of Janet Bobadilla (1988). A sequel to the first report, this volume describes the third year of the Mindoro Pilot Project implementation. It was designed to center efforts on continuing the search and trial for appropriate agroforestry field intervention strategies that could help meet its goals of bringing greater agricultural productivity to farmers with minimal or no ecological destabilization. As the tenurial issue was almost settled, the project’s emphasis shifted to expanding the number and types of agroforestry intervention strategies undertaken with farmer-participants. The development thrusts were based on evolving an operational framework for agroforestry intervention, key lessons in implementing agroforestry and other activities, and moving from agency to people-oriented agroforestry.

Key words: Hanunuo Mangyan, participatory upland development, agroforestry, field intervention strategies, bureaucratic orientation

 

GIVING THE POOR A SHORT LEASE: THE SELF-EMPLOYMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAM IN THE PHILIPPINES
Project Director:          Pilar Ramos-Jimenez
Funding Agency:        United Nations-Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

The main concern of the study was to describe the socio-economic effects on low-income Filipino clients and households of two loan assistance schemes, i.e. Bigay Buhay and Paluwagan, of the Self Employment Assistance (SEA) Program of the Ministry of Social Services and Development.

The study put together various data on the foregoing loan schemes derived from a review of records, documents, and related literature and personal interviews with agency personnel and beneficiaries of SEA-assisted associations. It described aspects pertinent to these loan schemes, particularly how loans may be availed of and repaid, where projects and clients are located, how much the program has allocated to these projects, and what findings have emerged from existing studies evaluating the two schemes. 

The research surfaced issues that had implications affecting the policies and implementation of the SEA Program.

Key words: low-income households, loan assistance schemes, Ministry of Social Services and Development, Self Employment Assistance Program

 

PARTICIPATORY UPLANDS MANAGEMENT PROGRAM (PHASE3)
Project Director:          Rosemary Aquino (Mar-Dec 1986) and Robert Salazar (Aug-Mar 1988)
Funding Agency:        The Ford Foundation

Phase III of PUMP expands the action research and knowledge-sharing activities of the program. The objectives under this phase are to: 1) synthesize from the studies conducted in Phase I and II and from other related studies, programs and policy recommendations that will provide substantive inputs for sectors/local development programs; 2) develop an analytical framework for a multi-sectoral approach to participatory upland development; 3) continue undertaking action-oriented research and research on participatory development approaches in order to evolve and test strategies for substantive community participation in resource management and in the provision of basic services; 4) develop a model for sustainable upland development in and through education; 5) help reorient government and non-government agencies to a participatory approach to upland development through working groups such as the BFD-Upland Development Working Group; 6) develop models for sustainable development work coupling research with action, and involving different agencies at the national and local levels; 7) develop indigenous teaching materials in the social sciences/management; and 8) develop a strategy for sustained university involvement in action research on participatory management to benefit rural communities.

Key words: participatory upland development, resource management, basic services, indigenous teaching materials, rural communities

 

ORGANIZATIONAL ISSUES IN THE CONTEXT OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN THE NATIONAL FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAM OF THE PHILIPPINES
Project Director:          Stella P. Go
Funding Agency:        United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

Recognizing the importance of the popular participation in development programs, the United Nations-Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN-ESCAP) undertook a cross-country study on the extent to which community participation has been generated in the family planning programs of Bangladesh, the People’s Republic of China, Korea, the Philippines, and Thailand.

The Philippine study adopted a multi-method approach.  It utilized the following in gathering data: document research, semi-structured interviews with officials and personnel at three levels of the Commission on Population of the Philippines (POPCOM), community surveys, and community case studies.

Results of the study seem to augur well for the adoption of community participation as a program strategy.  However, they indicate the need to eliminate constraints to the adoption of community participation and rear its potentials instead.

Among the recommendations forwarded were the decentralization of functions within the POPCOM and the hiring of management and personnel—particularly that of the executive directorship—based on ability, competence, and long-term commitment.  The active participation of local government officials in the inter-agency task forces and the creation of a People’s Population forum at the barangay level were also suggested.  Moreover, it was recommended that the development of strategies that will either build up or enhance the people’s confidence in their own ability to participate in and to make an impact on the family planning program likewise be encouraged.

Key words: family planning programs, community participation, local government officials, People’s Population forum

 


 

 

 

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