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POLITICAL ECONOMY OF THE USE OF KNOWLEDGE AND RESEARCH EVIDENCE
IN URBAN RESILIENCE INTERVENTIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES

Project Director:  Dr. Antonio P. Contreras
Funding Agency:  Overseas Development Institute

This study examines whether the processes that govern policy and decision-making on
resilience to natural disasters in urban areas of the Philippines are good, i.e. fact-based and deliberative, and tested by real arguments.

Seven illustrative Local Government Units (LGUs), (Tabaco City, Baguio City, Marikina
City in Luzon, Iloilo City and Cebu City in Central Visayas and Davao City and Cagayan
de Oro City in Mindanao) were selected as case studies to better understand the factors that favor or hinder the use of knowledge and research evidence in the design and
implementation of urban resilience policies and practice. The choice of the case study areas is linked to the occurrence of natural disasters, and the experience of decision-making and local planning on climate change/urban resilience.

The research was conducted by adopting a political economy analysis to create an analytical framework that focuses on the specific topic of use of knowledge in policy decision-making processes. Data collection was conducted through focus group discussions and semi-structured interviews.

The key finding of the study is that the Republic Act 10121, which was passed in 2010, has established among other things a legislative framework that enables greater use of
scientific evidence in designing disaster risk reduction policies and interventions, both at
the national and sub-national level. It is still early to assess the impact of the new
legislation, and there are delays in the implementation of the Republic Act, such as training
line agency staff at sub-national level on preparing against disasters and developing resilient communities, as well as responding to natural disasters.

Key words: natural disasters, urban resilience measures, fact-based research evidence, climate change, local planning

 

COMPREHENSIVE STUDY ON SCHOLARSHIP AND FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM IN THE PHILIPPINES
Project Director:  Dr. Roberto E. Javier, Jr.
Funding Agency:  Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID)

For this project, the research team has sought to evaluate the current system of financial assistance programs funded by the Philippine government. The evaluation focuses on the effectiveness, efficiency, and equity of the programs. These indices (the 3 Es) have been analyzed within the ambit of the delivery of the programs, maximization of government resources, and the access and availability of the programs. The end goal of the assessment is to formulate policy recommendations for the comprehensive and integrated (Post-basic Education Scholarship and Financial Assistance Program (PESFAP).
                                   
For the quantitative survey, a total of 83 were retrieved as of March 25, 2012 out of 431 e-surveys received. The questionnaire looked into the specific areas of types/nature of scholarships/grants/loans; coverage, financial appropriation, targeting of beneficiaries, selection process, tracking system, and governance and management systems of scholarships/grants/loans. Meanwhile, the qualitative survey was conducted among selected SUCs in NCR, CAR, Regions 3 (Central Luzon), 4A (CALABARZON), 4B (MIMAROPA), 7 (Cebu), and 8 (Samar-Leyte). Included in the sample of interviewees were past and present scholars, administrators/directors/officers of scholarship programs, and barangay officials.

Some suggestions from scholarship managers are for the Scholarship office to sign a form for the student to present to the accounting office so that the examination permit will be released without delay; scholarship coordinators should have an active role in policy formulation—they should be given an honorarium from CHED because they handle the monitoring of the scholars; the Offices of Scholarships in the various universities should be the ones to select and identify who is awarded scholarships; and CHED should only provide a number of slots for each university and do the screening—this will increase transparency in scholar selection.

Key words:  scholarship and financial assistance programs, targeting of beneficiaries, policy formulation, awarding mechanics


 

 

 

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