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CONFLICT OF INTEREST IN INFANT AND YOUNG CHILD NUTRITION AMONG PROFESSIONALS AND HEALTH PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES
Project Director: Dr. Myla M. Arcinas
Funding Agency: World Health Organization (WHO)

This study recommends a complementary approach, as part of a comprehensive strategy for implementing the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes (known as the Code), that will manage conflicts of interest (COI) at the level of health workers through their professional societies. Specifically, it illuminates health professionals’ and health professional organizations’ understanding of  the phrase  “Conflict of Interest”; elucidates health professionals’  and health professional organizations’ knowledge of the International Code of Marketing; identifies mechanisms used by health professional organizations to provide information and strategies on best practices and materials among their members on the value of breastfeeding and  Infant and Young Child Nutrition; describes health professional practices that optimize   the   value   of breastfeeding and  Infant and Young Child Nutrition; ascertains ways infant formula companies enter into the  health  care  system  to promote their product/s; describes barriers that optimize the value of breastfeeding and Infant and Young Child Nutrition; identifies rules of the health professional organizations that  guide and regulate  actions of their members against “Conflict of Interest”; and recommends actions to safeguard public health interests from improper influence, in any form of real, perceived or potential conflict of interest.

Key words: Internal Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes (the Code), Infant and Young Child Nutrition, breastfeeding, conflicts of interest, health professionals, best practices

 

SOW THE SEEDS OF CHANGE: LOCAL BEST PRACTICES IN DISASTER RISK REDUCTION EFFORTS
Project Director: Dr. Exaltacion E. Lamberte
Funding Agency: Philippine Council for Health Research and Development-Department of Science and Technology (PCHRD-DOST)

This project involves three case research studies on best practices that demonstrate efforts geared toward disaster risk reduction initiatives aiming at resiliency in the health sector and local government unit; and identifies success factors running through these disaster risk reduction efforts. The case study in Tacloban focuses on efforts to strengthen the resiliency of local public and private secondary hospitals. Primarily, it seeks to characterize the impact of Typhoon Yolanda, particularly regarding the capacity of public and private hospitals to deliver health services in the immediate aftermath of the disaster, given the damage or effect wrought on its: a) physical or structural integrity; b) available medical supplies and technologies; c) health workforce; d) financial operations; e) leadership and governance structure; and f) information system.  In northern Cebu, the team looked into how professional organizations in health services delivery are mobilized in the face of humanitarian emergency situations. The extent of the efforts made by the Cebu Nursing Professional Organization to deliver emergency health services in a context in which local health personnel have been unable to deliver emergency health services were determined. Lastly, the municipality of Hilongos in Northern Leyte is the subject of an examination of LGU efforts in serving as a transit station for displaced persons. The number of persons displaced by Typhoon Yolanda, their places of origin, and their planned places of destination, particularly for those who have opted to make a transit stand by the municipality, are studied. 

Key words: disaster risk reduction initiatives, resiliency in the health sector, local government unit, Typhoon Yolanda, best practices

 

DEVELOPING/ADAPTATION AND PILOT TESTING OF CULTURALLY APPROPRIATE CONTENT (SMS-BASED TEXT MESSAGES) THAT WILL BE UTILIZED TO IMPLEMENT THE MCESSATION INTERVENTION IN THE PHILIPPINES
Project Director: Dr. Maria Caridad H. Tarroja
Funding Agency: World Health Organization (WHO)

This study involves the development/adaptation and pilot testing of culturally appropriate content (SMS-based text messages) that will be utilized to implement the mCessation intervention in the Philippines. The finalization of the mobile-based text message will involve referring to the mCessation Planning and Implementation Guide as well as existing literature, and taking into consideration the different stages of behavior change, levels and types of tobacco consumption, to ensure that the content is suitable for implementation in the Philippine context.  The study team will also convene the country informal expert group/taskforce to provide technical and quality assurance support to this process as well as to validate the content for the message sets (in English, Filipino and Taglish); translate the messages into simple English, from English to Filipino, and from English to Taglish; organize and conduct a survey on the first set of messages in Filipino, and document the proceedings and results of the activity; conduct a pilot testing/FGD in a Red Orchid Awardee site (a city/cities within Metro Manila) to test for technical appropriateness and user-friendliness, after which the more comprehensive set/content of messages will be adapted as appropriate; and conduct an expert group meeting to present the final messaging content based on the FGD, if necessary.

 

REVIEW OF THE STATUS OF MENTAL HEALTH PROMOTION IN THE WESTERN PACIFIC REGION
Project Director: Dr. Maria Caridad H. Tarroja
Funding Agency: World Health Organization (WHO)

The project involves an exhaustive and systematic desk review on mental health promotion activities in the 37 Member States belonging to the Western Pacific Region. The review will cover an online library search of various search engines (such as EBSCO and PsycLIT), using search terms such as mental health definitions, mental health promotion, programmes for mental health, cultural/indigenous practices for mental health; a library search of different books, publications, magazines and articles that tackle the above mentioned topics; and a review of different mental health promotion projects/strategies of the 37 member states, through an online search as well as through a website search of the Department or Ministry of Health of the different countries.  The output of the review will be a report on a framework that can be used for mental health promotion.

 

QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS ON THE FEASIBILITY OF A UNIVERSAL SOCIAL PENSION IN THE PHILIPPINES
Project Director: Dr. Roberto E. Javier, Jr.
Funding Agency: HelpAge International / Coalition of Services of the Elderly (COSE)

This study aims to contribute to the assessment based national dialogue (ABND) process by exploring in more depth the options for guaranteeing income security in old age to all Filipinos. It will look into the development of a social protection floor in the Philippines by focusing on what the rationale of establishing a universal pension system would be, both in terms of addressing the specific risks associated with old age, and contributing to sider social and economic development; what the most feasible options for building a universal pension system are, how affordable these are, and how these could be financed. While the starting point will be an assessment of the pension system as a whole, it is likely that policy recommendations will focus on the feasibility for an expanded social pension to close the coverage gap.

 

BASELINE STUDY AND FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT OF HOLCIM PHILIPPINES' FOSTERING A CHILD'S EDUCATION (FACE) PROJECT
Project Director: Dr. Melvin A. Jabar
Funding Agency: Holcim Philippines, Inc

For this study, SDRC provides expert advice and substantive assistance to Holcim Philippines by conducting a formative assessment of its FACE project, which aims to give children and young adults access to basic education and opportunity to obtain a college diploma or vocational certificate, and to address drop-out incidence among public elementary and high school students, especially those who are economically disadvantaged. The Center will also carry out a baseline study of students and their families in the partner elementary and high schools currently hosting FACE’s student-partners/scholars. 

 

IMPROVING HIV PROGRAMME ACCESS AND PROGRAMME COVERAGE FOR KEY POPULATIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES: GEOGRAPHICAL AND PROGRAMMATIC MAPPING STUDY IN QUEZON CITY, PHILIPPINES
Project Director: Dr. Maria Caridad H. Tarroja
Funding Agency: Family Planning Organization of the Philippines, Inc. (FPOP)

As an offshoot of the DOH-World Bank “HIV Prevention in Big Cities” project, which aimed to improve the scale, quality and impact of intervention in Taguig, Parañaque and Mandaluyong, the Family Planning Organization of the Philippines (FPOP) has teamed up with SDRC for this study which is supported by UNAIDS. Cognizant of the fact that sexual transmission between males has been predominant mode of HIV transmission in the Philippines, and that new HIV infections have increased in recent years, the current undertaking will provide estimates of target populations, and will help determine possible services and policies that need to be implemented to address the rise in the spread of HIV. Apart from Men who have Sex with Men (MSMs), target populations for the study include transgenders (TGs) and persons who inject drugs (PWIDs).

 

HOW DOH AND OTHER INTERVENTIONS CLOSE THE GAP IN HEALTH OUTCOME DISPARITIES AMONG LGUs
Project Director: Dr. Romeo B. Lee
Funding Agency: Delegation of the European Union to the Philippines

The European Union—represented by the European Union Delegation to the Philippines—recently awarded a grant to SDRC to conduct this study under the second phase of its Health Sector Policy Support Programme, which seeks to strengthen the implementation of Universal Health Care by the Department of Health. The objectives of the study are: 1) to provide validated and useful information to monitor and evaluate progress in the implementation of the UHC strategy, focusing on equitable progress at the LGU level; 2) to provide a deeper understanding of the composition of local responsibility and public expenditures that support devolved health service delivery, including the mechanism of resource allocation decisions regarding health expenditures, other influencing factors, as well as an assessment of what works/does not work to ensure quality local health service delivery, and why; and 3) to provide a deeper understanding of the extent to which and how the national health insurance scheme, other existing insurance schemes, specific DOH-supported programmes and funds and any other mechanisms, close the gap of existing disparities.

 

DEVELOPING COMPETENCIES OF MIDDLE LEVEL HEALTH WORKERS AND MAXIMIZING THEIR ROLES IN TASK-SHARING IN THE PHILIPPINES
Project Director: Dr. Marlon DL. Era
Funding Agency: Population Services Pilipinas, Inc. (PSPI)

SDRC has forged new partnerships with Population Services Pilipinas, Incorporated (PSPI) and the Jose Fabella Memorial Hospital in a groundbreaking initiative toward actively involving Middle Level Health Workers in the Philippines’ Health Care quest. The research project is aimed at building evidence that midwives as middle-level health workers can be competent providers of contraceptive implants. In doing so, the project seeks to capitalize on the role of midwives in task-sharing, actively involving them in more endeavors in the fields of maternal health care, family planning and reproductive health. This will serve as a response to government’s allegedly poor delivery of health services, and the people’s lack of access to reproductive health and family planning services.

 

COMMUNICATION ANALYSIS OF MATERNAL AND NEONATAL HEALTH WITH EMPHASIS ON THE ROLE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH TEAMS IN FACILITATING THE ADOPTION OF POSITIVE BEHAVIORS IN THE CONTEXT OF CONFLICT AND RAPID URBANIZATION IN SELECTED LGUs IN MINDANAO AND QUEZON CITY
Project Director: Prof. Ma. Angeles G. Lapeña
Funding Agency: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)

The study is being undertaken through the Joint Program on Maternal and Neonatal Health (JPMNH) funded by the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID), which aims to accelerate the attainment of health outcomes related to maternal and neonatal health. It is anchored on the combined expertise and resources of the Department of Health and three United Nations agencies – UNICEF, UNFPA and WHO. The study examines how communication affects mothers’ adoption of recommended health practices, namely 1) giving birth in a facility; 2) having delivery aided by a skilled birth attendant; and 3) having at least four (4) pre-natal visits with a health service provider. It aims to obtain views regarding maternal and neonatal health care, directly from mothers, traditional birth attendants, community health teams (CHTs), health service providers, barangay officials, and municipal officials.

 

RECLAIMING FILIPINO INDIGENOUS CULTURE THROUGH TEACHING AND LEARNING
Project Director: Dr. Hazel T. Biana
Funding Agency: United Board for Christian Higher Education in Asia (UBCHEA)

Recognizing the need to reawaken interest in the country’s local heritage, the United Board for Christian Higher Education in Asia has awarded a grant to SDRC to pursue this two-year study. The study seeks to integrate indigenous peoples (IP)’s knowledge and culture into the upcoming revised Higher Education Institution (HEI) curriculum of Liberal Arts and Education courses. Given the timing of the K to 12 curriculum implementation and HEI developments, training teachers to integrate IP knowledge and culture in their courses is imperative. Such training will ensure that these teachers not only promote the preservation of IP knowledge, but also cultivate an appreciation of their students’ own Filipino indigenous culture, as well as encourage them to embrace their diversity.

 

WHOSE HEALTH, WHOSE VULNERABILITY: A STAKEHOLDER APPROACH IN ASSESSING HEALTH-RELATED VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION IN THE PHILIPPINES
Project Director: Dr. Dennis S. Erasga
Funding Agency: The Oscar M. Lopez Center

The project aims to target the impact of extreme weather events on public health and well-being. Specifically, it seeks to (i) evaluate existing vulnerability and adaptation assessment tools currently in use at the national and local levels; (ii) identify community-based health-related vulnerabilities as consequences of extreme weather events; (iii) map health behavior and practices in relation to extreme weather events; and (iv) translate these behavior and practices into indicators in the construction of vulnerability, adaptation and mitigation assessment tools for capacity building and policy advocacy at the local level. 

 

ADAPTING TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN PERI-URBAN SOUTHEAST ASIA
Project Director:  Dr. Antonio P. Contreras
Funding Agency:  Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand/ IDRC Canada

The preliminary objective of this three-year project is to research the gendered, social, political, economic and biophysical drivers of vulnerability of people to climate-related water stresses in selected peri-urban areas in Vietnam, Thailand and the Philippines and their adaptive responses to these stresses, in order to better inform and address the needs for planning for climate adaptation, vulnerability, and risk reduction. The project team is now assisting city administrators in developing their capacity to prepare and plan for climate change-induced water stresses such as floods, water shortages and water pollution/contamination. It has established a partnership with the city of Santa Rosa in Laguna for the study’s implementation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

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